What is Node.js, and how does it work?
What are the key features of Node.js?
Node.js is popular for web development because of several major features:
- Non-blocking I/O model: Node.js is built on a non-blocking event-driven architecture, allowing it to handle several concurrent requests efficiently and with high efficiency.
- Asynchronous programming: Node.js handles asynchronous processes through callbacks and event-driven programming, making it appropriate for constructing real-time applications.
- NPM (Node Package Manager) is a package manager included with Node.js. It provides access to a wide ecosystem of reusable modules and libraries, allowing for faster and more efficient development.
- Node.js employs a single-threaded event loop, which eliminates the expense of establishing additional threads for each request. It is capable of efficiently handling thousands of concurrent connections.
Explain the concept of callbacks in Node.js.
Callbacks are a key Node.js concept that is used to handle asynchronous operations. When an asynchronous function is invoked, it passes a callback function as an argument rather than blocking the program’s execution. This callback function is called after the asynchronous operation is finished, allowing the program to move on to the next task. Callbacks are essential in Node.js for handling I/O operations and ensuring non-blocking behavior.
What is the role of the Node Package Manager (NPM)?
The Node.js package manager, NPM, is used to install, manage, and share reusable modules and libraries. It makes it easier to integrate third-party modules into Node.js applications. Developers may use NPM to conveniently manage project dependencies, update packages, and publish their own packages for usage by others.
How does Node.js handle concurrency?
Concurrency is handled by Node.js’ event-driven, non-blocking I/O paradigm. It employs an event loop that is always listening for events and executing the related callbacks. Node.js registers a callback when a request is received and continues to handle further requests. The event loop activates the callback whenever the request’s I/O operation is complete, allowing the application to handle the response. This method allows Node.js to handle a large number of concurrent requests while without interfering with the execution of other activities.
Explain the concept of streams in Node.js
Streams are an essential component of Node.js and are used to efficiently handle massive volumes of data. Streams allow you to read or write data in pieces rather than loading the complete file into memory. Node.js supports numerous types of streams, including Readable, Writable, Duplex, and Transform streams. Streams are especially handy for working with files, network connections, or any scenario that involves a big amount of data.
How does Node.js handle modules?
To manage modules, Node.js employs the CommonJS module system. Modules are reusable chunks of code in Node.js that encapsulate unique functionality. Each module has its own scope, and by default, variables and functions within a module are private. Using the required keyword, modules can be imported and utilized in other modules. This modular architecture encourages code reuse, maintainability, and easy separation of responsibilities.
Preparing for a Node.js interview necessitates a firm grasp of the essential principles, features, and best practices of Node.js development. This article addressed some of the most common Node.js interview questions and gave detailed responses to help you ace your interview. Remember to put these ideas into code and look for additional resources to expand your knowledge. You’ll be well-prepared and confident to demonstrate your expertise and succeed in your Node.js interviews if you prepare properly.